("land of high passes") is a region in Indian state of Jammu and
Kashmir that currently extends from the Kunlun mountain range to the main Great
Himalayas to the south, inhabited by people of Indo-Aryan and Tibetan descent.
Itis one of the most sparsely populated regions in Jammu and Kashmir and its culture
and history are closely related to that of Tibet.
Historically,the region included the Baltistan (Baltiyul) valleys (now mostly in Pakistan), the entire upper Indus Valley, the remote Zanskar, Lahaul and Spiti to the south, much of Ngari including the Rudok region and Guge in the east, Aksai Chin in the northeast (extending to the Kun Lun Mountains),and the NubraValley to the north over Khardong La in the Ladakh Range. Contemporary Ladakh borders Tibet to the east, the Lahaul and Spiti regionsto the south, the Vale of Kashmir, J &K